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This nOde last updated March 22nd, 2005 and is permanently morphing...
(7 Muluk (Water) / 12 Kumk'u - 189/260 - 22.214.171.124.9)
A continent lying chiefly within the Antarctic Circle and asymmetrically centered on the South Pole. Some 95 percent of Antarctica is covered by an icecap averaging 1.6 km (1 mi) in thickness. The region was first explored in the early 1800's, and although there are no permanent settlements, many countries have made territorial claims. The Antarctic Treaty of 1959, signed by 12 nations, prohibited military operations on the continent and provided for the interchange of scientific data.
- Antarc´tic adjective & noun
Antarctica once had a warmer climate. The presence of coal on the continent proves an earlier age saw warmer temperatures.
WARM LAKE FOUND UNDER ANTARCTIC ICE SHEET
Russian scientists using "ice radar" and artificial seismic waves have discovered a vast warm water lake under their Antarctic base. Named after the Russian base, which is located 1,300 kilometers from the South Pole, Lake Vostok lies under 3,800 meters of solid ice and, apparently, directly under the base. This remarkable body of water was reported in the journal Kyokuchi, published by the Japan Polar Research Association. The lake is 250 kilometers long, 40 wide, and 400 meters deep. Obviously, it requires some sort of explanation as to why is not frozen.
Two theories have been proposed: (1) Heat from the earth's interior has kept it from freezing; (2) The lake has not yet had time enough to freeze after a temperate period that ended about 5,000 years ago. (Anonymous; "Lake Discovered beneath Antarctic Ice," The Japan Times, May 23, 1995. Cr. N. Masuya)
Can there be a connection between this discovery and the ice-free Antarctica suggested by C.H. Hapgood in his _Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings_?
Penguin Hookers Spotted in Antarctica
The conservative Daily Telegraph ran a story about "penguin prostitutes" in Antarctica. Researchers for the New Zealand Antarctic Program had found that male Adelie penguins on Ross Island, 800 miles from the South Pole, "pay for sexual favours with rocks and stones, a limited resource that can prove crucial for the survival of broods." This was the first ever recorded example of bird prostitution, the paper said.