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This nOde last updated February 26th, 2004 and is permanently morphing...
(7 Cauac (Rain) / 7 K'ayab (Turtle) 69/260 - 126.96.36.199.19)
Of, relating to, or characteristic of a 20th-century school of design, the aesthetic of which was influenced by and derived from techniques and materials employed especially in industrial fabrication and manufacture.
[German, an architecture school founded by Walter Gropius (1883-1969) : Bau, construction, architecture (from Middle High German bú, building, from Old High German, from búan, to dwell, settle) + Haus, house (from Middle High German hús, from Old High German).]
Bauhaus, German design school that profoundly influenced architecture and the arts. Founded in 1919 in Weimar, the Bauhaus was based on the principles of the Arts and Crafts movement that art should meet society's needs and that no distinction should exist between fine arts and practical crafts. It also held that good designs must meet aesthetic standards and be soundly engineered. The Bauhaus style, also known as the International Style, was marked by the absence of ornament and ostentatious facades.
By 1933, when the Nazis closed the school, its principles and work were known worldwide. Many of its teachers immigrated to the United States, where the Bauhaus teachings dominated art and architecture for decades and strongly contributed to the architectural style known as International Style.
As unconventional in his approach
to teaching as he was in his art, Johannes Itten brought a mix of rigorous academic
discipline and deeply felt mysticism to his three-year tenure as a Bauhaus instructor.
His classroom methods, derived in part from his studies of an ascetic Eastern
cult called Mazdaznan, included fasting, meditation, and impromptu skits in
which students were called on to act out the shapes, sounds, and emotions associated
with their art.
80's seminal goth band fronted by Peter Murphy. morphed into Love and Rockets.