This nOde last updated August 30th, 2002 and is permanently morphing...
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Khaniá or Canea (ancient Cydonia), city and seaport in Greece, located in northwestern Crete. Khaniá is the capital of the island of Crete. Although the harbor cannot accommodate large ships, the town is an important export center, principally for soap, oil, leather, and agricultural products. One of the oldest cities of Crete, Khaniá was conquered (69 BC) by the Romans, and in AD 826 it fell under Arab rule. Reconquered (961) by the Byzantines, it became a Venetian colony in 1252. Despite the enormous wall with which the Venetians surrounded Khaniá, it fell to the Ottomans in 1646. In 1913, when the Turks ceded Crete to Greece, Khaniá became a Greek possession. In 1941, during World War II, the town suffered heavy damage in the German airborne invasion of Crete. Among the notable buildings of Khaniá are Turkish mosques and Greek churches. Population (1981 preliminary) 47,804.
Quince, common name for a
tree of the rose family, and for its pearlike fruit. A native of western
Asia, it is a low tree with twisted branches; ovate, entire, deciduous
leaves; and large whitish flowers, which are solitary at the end of young
branches. The fruit is globose or pear-shaped, of a rich yellow or orange
color, with a strong aroma.
Scientific classification: The quince belongs to the family Rosaceae. It is classified as Cydonia oblonga.
POTTING: Quinces are usually sold as one- or two-year-old plants. Since they are self-pollinating, only one is needed to bear fruit. (Flowering Quinces, however, require two for pollination.) Choose a sunny location, which has good air circulation, for your tree. The roots of the Quince grow shallowly, therefore they need a heavy soil that will not dry out. To prevent this from happening, apply a thick layer of wood chips or some other mulch to the soil within 4 inches of the trunk. Avoid fertilizing your tree heavily, because too much nitrogen will cause suckering and increase susceptibility to fire blight. If your plant is forming a lot of suckers, remove them and discontinue fertilizing. Quinces are susceptible to many of the same pest and diseases as Apples and other fruit trees. Some problems may be Fireblight, Oriental Fruit Moth, and Borers. Heavy pruning isn't required, except to remove dead, sick, or damaged branches. Some people cut out the inside branches to provide an open tree, which makes harvesting fruit easier. The fruits are borne on new, short lateral branches; trimming back long shoots will encourage these fruiting spurs to grow. Quinces begin to bear a year or two after planting. The fruit ripens from about early September until well into October, depending on the variety. They are harvested when the skin turns from green to rich yellow. Light frost won't ruin the fruits, however rough handling will; carefully place them in the basket so they won't be bruised. If you aren't using them immediately, store them in the fruit bin of your refrigerator, where they will keep well for about a week.
PROPAGATION: Quinces can be increased by budding on the Angus Quince rootstock, or on Quince seedlings. Some varieties may be raised by hardwood cuttings. Layering can also be done.
VARIETIES: C. oblonga &
var. Vranja, Champion, Dwarf Orange, Orange, Pineapple, Smyrna.
a region on the planet Mars that was chosen over Cydonia for the Viking
landing. no one knows why, as Utopia is a selection far less interesting
- the equivalent of picking the Sahara Desert over the Amazon jungle on
Earth (ref. _The Mars Mystery_
According to the website http://www.noguchi.org,
Noguchi designed the _Sculpture To Be Seen From Mars_ when he was stricken
with fear of an atomic war, in the hope that such a sculpture would inform
extraterrestrials that a civilized life form had once existed on