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This nOde last updated August 15th, 2004 and is permanently morphing...
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i witnessed an abundance of digitalis foxgloves at the site of The Gathering in New Zealand on new year's eve/day 1999/2000. it was quite the spectacle adding to the already brilliant ambient zone. - @Om* 2/4/2000
digitalis (dîj´î-tàl´îs) noun
1.A plant of the genus Digitalis, which includes the foxgloves.
2.A drug prepared from the seeds and dried leaves of this plant, used in medicine as a cardiac stimulant.
[Latin digitâlis, of a finger (from the finger-shaped corollas of foxglove), from digitus, finger. See digit.]
Word History: The name of the plant genus Digitalis, whose member the foxglove provides an important drug used to treat heart disease, is associated with another part of the body, the finger. In Digitalis, which comes from the Latin word digitâlis, meaning "relating to a finger," we recognize digit, which derives from Latin digitus, "finger, toe." In Modern Latin the genus name was chosen because the German name for the foxglove is Fingerhut, "thimble," or literally "finger hat." The second part of our word foxglove also refers to the similarity of the foxglove blossoms to the fingers of a glove. Digitalis is first recorded in English in a work published in 1664.
Digitalis, genus of plants of
the figwort family. One species introduced from Europe, the common
foxglove, is a self-seeding biennial or perennial herb, widely grown
in gardens and naturalized along roadsides and in meadows or
logged-off areas, especially in the western United States. The
naturalized plant bears a showy, terminal cluster of hanging, tubular,
spotted, purple flowers. Cultivated varieties are of various colors
and markings. The erect stems are about 91 cm (about 36 in) tall with
numerous large, thick leaves at the base.
Digitalis, a drug prepared from digitalin, a glycoside obtained from the common foxglove, is used in medicine. With techniques of modern pharmacology, about a dozen steroid glycosides have been isolated from the leaves. The best known of these exert a twofold action on the heart that results in a more effective heartbeat. These medicines strengthen the force of contraction and, at the same time, slow the beat so that the period of relaxation between beats is lengthened. The heart muscle thus obtains more rest even though it is working harder.
Poisoning may occur in humans or grazing animals if
more than a small amount of the glycoside enters the system. Symptoms of
poisoning include nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and gross
disturbances in heartbeat and pulse. In
sufficient amounts, digitalis can lead to convulsions and death.
Scientific classification: The genus Digitalis belongs to the family Scrophulariaceae. The common foxglove is classified as Digitalis purpurea.
An Account of the Foxglove by English physician William Withering, 44, introduces medical use of digitalis, obtained from dried leaves of the foxglove plant Digitalis purpurea.
The London Pharmacopeia of 1618 is published in a third edition which includes steel tonics, digitalis, benzoin, jalap, ipecacuanha, cinchona bark (see Barba, 1642), and Irish whisky (acqua vitae Hibernoroium sive usquebaugh).
Digitalis is related to heart disease for the first time by physician John Ferriar, who notes the effect of dried foxglove leaves on heart action and relegates to secondary importance the use of foxglove as a diuretic.
digitalin (dîj´î-tàl´în) noun
1.A white crystalline glycoside, C36H56O14, that is obtained from the seeds of the common foxglove.
2.One of several mixtures of digitalis glycosides that are extracted from the leaves or seeds of the common foxglove.
[digital(is) + -in.]
digitalized, digitalizing, digitalizes
1. To administer digitalis in a dosage sufficient to achieve the maximum therapeutic effect without producing toxic symptoms.
2. To digitize.
- dig´italiza´tion (-î-zâ´shen) noun
digitoxin (dîj´î-tòk´sîn) noun
A highly active glycoside, C41H64O13, derived from digitalis and prescribed in the treatment of certain cardiac conditions.
[digi(talis) + toxin.]
Symptoms: Pain in stomach, nausea, violent vomiting, vertigo, muscular stiffness, fatigue, pain in the head, somnolence; pulse at first rapid and violent, but soon weak and irregular; dilated pupils, dimness of vision, may be delirium.
Treatment: Gastric lavage with tannin or Epson salts in the water; recumbency, warmth to chest and abdomen; stimulants, ammonia, strychnine, brandy; artificial respiration, oxygen.
-from Stedman's Medical
DESCRIPTION: This group of perennials is commonly known as Foxglove. Some of these beautiful plants are found in the woods and near streams of central Europe and some are found in the woods, scrub, and rocky places in Turkey. These plants grow from 30 inches to 4 feet high with a spread of 1 foot. D. ferruginea forms rosettes of olive to medium-green, narrowly oval leaves. Its funnel-shaped flowers are pale golden-brown and white. They are borne in thick, spires in mid-summer. Although this plant is a perennial, it is short-lived and best treated as a biennial. D. mertonensis is a very attractive variety that forms basal rosettes of dark green, lance-shaped leaves. Its tubular flowers grow up to 2½ inches across and are buff-tinted strawberry-pink. They are produced in long, erect spikes from late spring to early summer. D. grandiflora has mid-green, shiny, oblong leaves and tubular, 2-lipped flowers in open, erect spikes from early to mid-summer. They are pale yellow with brown veins.
POTTING: Foxgloves grow best in moist, moderately fertile soil that is well drained. They should be in a spot withmottled sunshine, but they will tolerate sun. D. mertonensis will tolerate dry soil.
PROPAGATION: D. ferruginea should be increased by sowing seeds in the fall. D. grandiflora and D. mertonensis can be increased by sowing seed in the spring and the latter can also be propagated by division after it has bloomed.
SPACING: 12-18", DEPTH: level
(potted), 1" (bareroot), SUN:
At their best in full sun or partial shade (afternoon shade is required in the South) and in soil enriched with organic matter. Remove spent flower spikes to promote rebloom, but leave a few on the short-lived and biennial types (D. X mertonensis and D. purpurea varieties) to allow plants to self-sow. Foliage tends to be evergreen; do not cut back in fall.
- from White Flower Farm
Personnel: Sebastian Taylor
aka: Somaton, Shakta
_Future Memories (Digitalis Chilled Remix)_ MP3 (160k) by Somaton off of _Future Memories_ 12"x2