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Dionysus
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Dionysus

Dionysus (dì´e-nì´ses, -nê´-) noun
Greek & Roman Mythology.
The god of wine and of an orgiastic religion celebrating the power and fertility of nature. Also called Bacchus.

[Latin Dionýsus, from Greek Dionusos.]

Dionysus

Dionysus, in Greek mythology, god of wine and vegetation. He was a son of the god Zeus. Dionysus was characterized as a deity whose mysteries inspired internal linkecstatic, orgiastic worship. He was good to those who honored him, but he brought madness on those who spurned him.
According to tradition, Dionysus died each winter and was reborn in the spring. The yearly rites in honor of his resurrection gradually internal linkevolved into the structured form of the Greek drama, and important festivals, featuring dramatic competitions, were held in his honor. By the 5th century BC, Dionysus was also known to the Greeks as Bacchus. The Dionysiac mysteries, which were frenetic celebrations, probably originated in spring nature festivals; they became popular in the 2nd century BC in Roman Italy, where they were called the Bacchanalia.

Dionysus (noun)o

drunkenness: Bacchus, Dionysus
Olympian deity: Dionysus, Bacchus

Dionysian

Dionysian (dì´e-nîsh´en, -nîzh´en, -nîs´ê-en) adjective


1.Greek Mythology. a. Of or relating to Dionysus. b. Of or devoted to the worship of Dionysus.
2.Often dionysian . Of an ecstatic, orgiastic, or irrational nature; frenzied or undisciplined: "remained the nearest to the instinctual, the irrational in music, and thus to the Dionysian spirit in art" (Musco Carner).
3.Often dionysian . In the philosophy of internal linkNietzsche, of or displaying creative-intuitive power as opposed to critical-rational power.

[From Latin Dionýsius, from Greek Dionusios, from Dionusos, Dionysus.]

Dionysia

Dionysia (dì´e-nîz´ê-e, -nîzh´ê-e, -nîs´ê-e) plural noun
Ancient Greek festivals held seasonally, chiefly at Athens, in honor of Dionysus, especially those held in the fall and connected with the development of early Greek drama.

[Latin Dionýsia, from Greek (ta) Dionusia (hiera), (festivities) of Dionysus, neuter pl. of Dionusios. See Dionysian.]



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Though Dionysus is popularly associated with wild revels induced by wine intoxication, Robert Graves has argued that the original Dionysian rites were only partially wine-inspired. He has insisted, through his combination of sound scholarship and poetic insight, that the worship of Dionysus once also involved the ingestion of the internal linkhallucinogenic fly-agaric internal linkmushroom, Amanita muscaria.

As befits a psychedelic god, Dionysus was given to a bewildering series of mutations and transformations. Again echoing internal linkshamanism, with its traditions of internal linkshape-shifting, Dionysus variously appeared as a girl, a man, a woman, a lion, a bull, and a panther. He was also an occasional cross-dresser, and was the god of the theatre, masks and illusion. Use of psychedelics inevitably reveals the role-playing nature of identity, and the story of Dionysus shows that we may take advantage of this shifting quality of the masks we wear to the world. The metamorphic god persistently used his transformations to conquer foes and work his way out of difficult situations.



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It's an interesting note that the word "rave" in fact comes from ancient Greek texts describing the behavior of intoxicated dancers and followers of Dionysus. One such group, the Maenads (a female cult in Thebes closely resembling the more extremist hippies) were often mentioned as "raving" or in a state of "wild ecstasy." Dionysus himself, although commonly known as the God of Wine or drunkenness, was also referred to often as the "God of Ecstasy" or the "Ecstatic God." He brought the dualistic nature of wine and intoxication to mortals. Both the ecstatic side and the destructive rage. Perhaps the roots of our scene go back further than you have ever imagined. As far back as time goes, there was rhythm and there were mind-internal linkaltered states. Whether natural psychedelics were involved or merely a passion of faith, people have been "raving" for thousands
of years.


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"...this time however I come as the victorious Dionysus, who will turn the world into a holiday...Not that I have much internal linktime..." - internal linkNietzsche (from his last "insane" letter to Cosima Wagner)



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