last updated June 10th, 2004 and is permanently morphing...
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elevator (èl´e-vâ´ter) noun
1. a. A platform or an enclosure raised and lowered in a vertical shaft to transport people or freight. b. The enclosure or platform with its operating equipment, motor, cables, and accessories.
2. A movable control surface, usually attached to the horizontal stabilizer of an aircraft, that is used to produce motion up or down.
3. A mechanism, often with buckets or scoops attached to a conveyor, used for hoisting materials.
4. A granary equipped with devices for hoisting and discharging grain.
elevator (el'e-vâ`ter) noun
The square box within a scroll bar that can be moved up and down to change the position of text or an image on the screen. Also called scroll box, thumb.
emergency lift in Japan
Elevator, device for transporting passengers or freight to different floors or levels, as in a building or a mine. Elevators consist of a platform or car traveling in vertical guides in a shaft, with a source of power and related raising and lowering mechanisms.
The history of power elevators in the United States began in 1850, when a crude freight hoist was installed between two adjacent floors in a New York City building. At the New York Crystal Palace exposition in 1853, American inventor and manufacturer Elisha Otis exhibited an elevator equipped with a safety device to stop the car's fall if the hoisting rope broke. This invention stimulated new elevator construction. Three years later the first passenger elevator in the United States, designed by Otis, was installed in a New York City store.
In these early elevators, a steam engine was connected by a belt and gears to a revolving drum that wound the hoisting rope. In 1859 an elevator raised and lowered by a vertical screw was installed in the Fifth Avenue Hotel in New York City. In the 1870s the rope-geared hydraulic elevator was introduced, and eventually replaced the type with a rope wound on a revolving drum.
The electric motor was introduced in elevator construction in 1880 by German inventor Werner von Siemens. An electric elevator was constructed in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1887, operated by an electric motor turning a revolving drum which wound the hoisting rope. The advantages of the electric elevator spurred inventors to search for a way of using electric power in skyscrapers.
Originally, the motor switch and the brakes were operated mechanically from the car by hand ropes. Soon electromagnets, controlled by operating switches in the car, were introduced to throw the motor switch and to release a spring brake. Push-button control was an early development, later supplemented by elaborate signal systems.
The great advances in electronic systems during World War II (1939-1945) resulted in many changes in elevator design and installation. Computer equipment vastly improved the operational efficiency of elevators in large buildings. Automatic programming equipment eventually eliminated the need for starters at the ground level of large commercial buildings, and the operation of elevators became completely automatic. Automatic elevators are now used in all types of buildings.
elevator, escalator, dumbwaiter, conveyor
ascent: ski lift, chair lift, ski tow, elevator, escalator, lifter
lifter: forklift, elevator, dumbwaiter, escalator, lift, ski lift, ski tow, cable railway, funicular railway, conveyor
farm tool: elevator, barn, hayloft, silo, storage
elevation (èl´e-vâ´shen) noun
Abbr. el., elev.
1.a. The act or an instance of elevating. b. The condition of being elevated.
2.An elevated place or position.
3.The height to which something is elevated above a point of reference such as the ground.
4.Loftiness of thought or feeling.
5.A scale drawing of the side, front, or rear of a structure.
6.The height of a thing above a reference level; altitude.
7.a. The ability to achieve height in a jump, as in ballet. b. The degree of height reached when such a jump is executed.
Synonyms: elevation, altitude, height. The central meaning shared by these nouns is "the distance of something above a point of reference such as the horizon": a city at an elevation of 3,000 feet above sea level; a blimp flying at an altitude of one mile; a boy who grew to a height of six feet.
elevate (èl´e-vât´) verb,
elevated, elevating, elevates
1.To move (something) to a higher place or position from a lower one; lift.
2.To increase the amplitude, intensity, or volume of.
3.To promote to a higher rank.
4.To raise to a higher moral, cultural, or intellectual level.
5.To lift the spirits of; elate. See synonyms at lift.
[Middle English elevaten, from Latin êlevâre, êlevât- : ê-, ex-, up. See ex- + levâre, to raise.]
They seldom looked happy. They
passed one another without a word in the elevator, like silent shades
in hell, hell-bent on their next look from a handsome stranger. Their
next rush from a popper. The next song that turned
their bones to jelly and left them all on the dance floor with heads
back, eyes nearly closed, in the ecstasy of saints
receiving the stigmata.
Andrew Holleran (b. 1943), U.S. journalist, author. _Dancer from the Dance_, ch. 2 (1978), of club regulars.
One of the surest evidences of
an elevated taste is the power of enjoying works of impassioned
terrorism, in poetry, and painting. The man who can look at
impassioned subjects of terror with a feeling of exultation may be
certain he has an elevated taste.
Benjamin Haydon (1786-1846), British artist. "Table Talk," in _Correspondence and Table-Talk_, vol. 2 (ed. by Frederic Wordsworth Haydon, 1876).
All our lives we fought
against exalting the individual, against the elevation of the single
person, and long ago we were over and done with the business of a
hero, and here it comes up again: the glorification of one
personality. This is not good at all. I am just like everybody else.
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924), Russian revolutionary leader. Quoted in: _Tamara Deutsche, Not By Politics Alone_, ch. 2 (1973), remark after being shot in 1918.
Disneyland, Anaheim, California: There is a "secret elevator" somewhere near the exit of Pirates Of the Caribbean. It's very well hidden. It takes you to three floors:
You must scratch me there!
Yes, above my tail!
Behold, Elevator butt.