also jessamine (jès´e-mîn) noun
1. a. Any of several vines or shrubs of the genus Jasminum, native chiefly to Asia and having usually compound leaves and white or yellow flowers. Some of the fragrant species are used in making perfume. b. The perfume obtained from these plants.
2. CAROLINA JASMINE.
3. Any of several plants or shrubs having fragrant flowers.
4. Color. A light to brilliant yellow.
[French jasmin, from Old French jassemin, from Arabic yasmìn, from Persian yasmìn, yâsman.]
jasmine (jàz´mîn) or jessamine (jès´e-mîn), plant (genus Jasminum) of the OLIVE family, chiefly of Old World tropical and subtropical regions but cultivated in other mild areas and greenhouses. The blossoms, mostly yellow or white and usually fragrant, are used in scenting tea; the oil is used in perfumery.
Jasmine (Jasminum officinale and J. grandiflorum)
Probably an Iranian native, jasmine has captured the imagination for centuries. Forty-three different species are grown in East India, where women dress their hair with it and where it is poetically known as "moonlight of the grove." Also called the "king of fragrance," jasmine's complex scent is found in most great perfumes. The most prized oil comes from France and Italy, although about 80 percent is Egyptian. Try as chemists do to reproduce it, synthetic jasmine is so harsh that it demands a touch of the true oil to soften it.
Extraction: Enfleurage of blossoms. Concrete, absolute (separated from the concrete, then steam distilled). The fragrance is fruity, floral and sweetly exotic.
Medicinal Action: Jasmine is a nervous-system sedative that reduces menstrual cramps and is sometimes used to alleviate prostate problems. Culpeper suggested rubbing it into "hard, contracted limbs."
Cosmetic/Skin Use: The absolute is used for dry, sensitive or mature skin.
Emotional Attribute: Jasmine's fragrance soothes headaches, insomnia, depression, anger and worry, and dissolves apathy, indifference and lack of confidence. Also an aphrodisiac.
Chinese Jasmine (J. sambac) --Also called "sambac jasmine," this is originally from India and is richly fragrant.