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Ernst (èrnst), Max
German-born artist and a founder of Dada and surrealism. Noted for his use of frottage and collage, he explored the subconscious through his stylistically varied works, such as the painting Old Man, Woman, and Flower (1923).
Ernst, Max (1891-1976), German-born French artist, a seminal figure in both dada and surrealism. He was noted for his range of techniques, styles, and media. Ernst was born in Brühl. After World War I (1914-1918) he was attracted by the dadaist movement's revolt against convention and began to work in collage. In 1922 he moved to Paris, where he turned to surrealism. In 1925 he invented frottage (pencil rubbings of objects); later he experimented with grattage (the scraping or troweling of pigment from a canvas). While imprisoned in France during World War II (1939-1945), Ernst worked with decalcomania, a technique of transferring pictures from specially prepared paper to glass or metal.
. . .a Dada exhibition. Another one! What's the matter
with everyone wanting to make a museum piece out of Dada? Dada was a bomb .
. . can you imagine anyone, around half a century after a bomb explodes, wanting
to collect the pieces, sticking it together and displaying it?
Max Ernst (1891-1976), German painter, poet. Quoted in: C. W. E. Bigsby, Dada and Surrealism, ch. 1 (1972).
"Art is not made by one artist but by several. It is to a great degree the product of their exchange of ideas with one another." - Max Ernst