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last updated December 30th, 2006 and
is permanently morphing...
(5 Caban (Earth) / 10 K'ank'in - 57/260 - 220.127.116.11.17)
Maia (mâ´e, mì´e) noun
1.Greek Mythology. A goddess, the eldest of the Pleiades.
2.The brightest star in the Pleiades.
[Latin Mâia, from Greek, from maia, good mother, nurse.]
maya (mä´ye) noun
1. The power of a god or demon to transform a concept into an element of the sensible world.
2. The transitory, manifold appearance of the sensible world, which obscures the undifferentiated spiritual reality from which it originates; the illusory appearance of the sensible world.
Maya (mä´ye) noun
plural Maya or Mayas
1. a. A member of a Mesoamerican Indian people inhabiting southeast Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize, whose civilization reached its height around A.D. 300-900. The Maya are noted for their architecture and city planning, their mathematics and calendar, and their hieroglyphic writing system. b. A modern-day descendant of this people.
Maya (mä´ye), related tribes of CENTRAL AMERICA occupying the YUCATÁN and E Chiapas in Mexico, much of Guatemala and Belize, and W Honduras, and speaking Mayan languages . They may derive from the OLMEC, or they may have originated c.1000 B.C. among nomadic tribes in N central Petén, Guatemala, where there are evidences of a once-flourishing agricultural people. Among indigenous American cultures the Maya emerge as undisputed masters of abstract knowledge, with a system of hieroglyphic writing that they used to record political and dynastic history. Their system of mathematics was an achievement not equaled for centuries in Europe. The 365-day Mayan year was so divided as to be more accurate than that of the Gregorian CALENDAR. Sculpture, used in architecture, reached a beauty and dignity unequaled in aboriginal America. Most of the population, estimated at 14 million in the 8th cent., lived in suburban agricultural communities. Mayan history is divided into three periods. From early in the Pre-Classic period (1500 B.C.?-A.D. 300), corn was cultivated. Late in that period the calendar, chronology, and hieroglyphic writing developed. In the Early Classic (300-600), Mayan culture spread throughout the area. The greatest Mayan accomplishments in art and science occurred in the Late Classic (600-900) at such centers as Copán, Honduras; Palenque, in Chiapas; and UXMAL, in the Yucatán, all abandoned in the following century. At the beginning of the Post-Classic period (900-1697) an invasion by Kulkulcán (QUETZALCOATL), who conquered CHICHÉN ITZÁ, brought TOLTEC elements into Mayan culture. The Toltec took Chichén Itzá, but were absorbed c.1200 by the Maya. In 1283 Mayapán became the civil capital. The century preceding the Spanish conquest (1546) was dominated by civil wars and a series of calamities. Today some 4 million Maya retain many elements of their culture combined with that of the CONQUISTADORS. Numerous Mayan-derived dialects are spoken, and agriculture and religious practices owe much to Mayan tradition. A 1994 uprising in Chiapas, Mexico, drew most of its strength from the support of Mayan peasants.
World of the Maya
'The longest cycle in Mayan cosmology is the 26,000-year cycle -- this is the cycle of our solar system around the Pleiades star cluster. This cycle ends on December 22, 2012, and the closer we approach to that time, the more people will experience an accelerating collapse of linear time-based (fear-based) conceptual structures. They will awaken from the spell of linear time caused by lower mind conflicts. The collective resolution of these conflicts will trigger even more people to transcend the complex of limiting illusions that stem from the illusion of linear-sequential time. By 2012, the Mayan prophecies say there will be a total collapse of time as we know it and an entry of humanity into post-history. Post-history -- Gregorian year 2013 -- is entered at a point known as galactic synchronization. Tibetans, Egyptians, Cherokees, Hopi and Mayans refer to this same 26,000-year cycle in their mystical belief systems; and each also developed calendars based on this great cycle.' From 'Introduction To The Mayan Calendar' by Mark Rice and Yari Jeada
the scenes on Yavin for the first _Star Wars_ was filmed at Tikhal in Guatemala
"...the word maya, by which this peculiar unreality is described, is not necessarily a term of contempt, as if the world were merely an illusion to be dismissed. Maya also means art and magic, and thus a seeming solidity evoked by divine power. But under the spell of this power, one does not feel oneself entirely a victim. However obscurely, one knows or feels that the source of this enchantment is in some roundabout way oneself - as if being alive and human were to have got oneself deliberately lost in a labyrinth."
Alan Watts, _The Two Hands of God_, (1963)
Today, in our era of new information technology, we are busy erecting our global communication networks and World Wide Webs. But in the Yucatan peninsula the Mayan people succeeded in dealing with the same problem that computer network managers face today: how to keep their 'network' of culture and civilization from 'crashing.' Their solution was to create their own sort of world-wide web -- one that symbolically linked the Mayan world in a web of interconnected ritual centres, through which passed people, trade, knowledge of the arts and sciences, and another type of sacerdotal information I have called "Kukulcan."
The problem then, as today, was to maintain an information network where the number of nodes and links would lead to the most secure and efficient reciprocal exchange of information. In thinking of information today, we inevitably think only in terms of secular 0's and 1's, and not in the older sense of the word which corresponds to the 'good news,' say, of apostolic Christianity -- prophetic and apocalyptic information, too.
With the sacbe system, the Maya people came up with the right 'kludge' to keep their post-Classic civilization integrated and functioning. The apocalyptic imagery surrounding the destruction of the sacbes should not be taken literallly; blood came out not because some physical roads were pulverized but instead what the Maya saw as the metaphorical arteries of their living world were blocked and cut off. People no longer walked the sacred routes, or honored the spirits and deities to which they belonged, and so they became ghastly haunts of aluxes and half-forgotten things. But this didn't mean the end of the system. In half-remembered ways, the Maya still speak of the paths between their cities, now driven underground by the Spanish conquest, waiting for Kulkulcan to return and revive them. But as indigenous people work at creating their own networks of communication using the new technologies of radio, Internet, and multimedia, one cannot help in thinking that tricksterHermes may yet come back in another guise, and the blood of the stars will once again flow.
- Steve Mizrach aka Seeker 1
The Mayas believed that the universe had been, and would continue to be, created and destroyed multiple times, and that each such cycle lasted somewhat longer than 5000 years. By their estimate, the current universe would be destroyed in the equivalent of the year AD 2012. The Mayas conceived of the earth as the back of a giant alligatorlike reptile floating in a pool. Above the earth was a heaven with 13 levels. Below the earth was an underworld with 9 levels. The entire universe was linked by a greenceiba tree that stood at the center of the world, its branches extending into the heavens and its roots into the underworld.
"I'll give you another instance.
You know the way everybody's into weirdness right now? Books in all the supermarkets
how the Mayans invented television. That kind of thing?" - Miller to Otto in
the film _Repo
Inca or Maya treasure - during the conquering of the Americas by the Europeans in the 17th and 18th centuries, much of the wealth of the Incas and Mayas disappeared. Usually rumored to have been buried or sunken at the bottom of lakes, some researchers believe that it's possible that a group of Incas or Mayas, possible with the help of sympathetic Europeans, stole away with the wealth and buried on Oak Island out of the reach of the conquerors.
studied sphere packing pretty intensely
and knew that you get the same fcc packing if you start with a layer of
spheres packed in a square arrangement and nest the next layer in the valleys
so formed. If you taper off as you go upwards, this looks kind of like a Mayan
Temple, so I call it "Mayan temple packing".
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Fig. 2. Squares-ville Packing (or Mayan Temple)
Pyramid of Kukulcan was so precisely constructed that
it is, in reality,
an astronomical clock giving notice of the spring and fall equinoxes as well
as both the winter and summer solstices. The sun strikes the pyramid during
each equinox in such a way as to give the impression of a serpent undulating
up or down its surface, depending on the time of year. There are 91 steps on
each of the four sides.
The Great Ballcourt is 545 feet long and 225 feet wide overall. It has no vault, no discontinuity between the walls and is totally open to the sky. The Great Ballcourt has no curved surfaces. Each end has a raised "temple" area. A whisper from one end can be heard clearly at the other end 500 feet away and through the length and breath of the court. The sound waves are unaffected by wind direction or time of day/night.
Archaeologists engaged in the reconstruction noted that the sound transmission became stronger and clearer as they proceeded. In 1931, Leopold Stokowski spent 4 days at the site to determine the acoustic principals that could be applied to an open-air concert theater he was designing. Stokowski failed to learn the secrets of the Maya.
"Acoustically the court is amazing. A conversation at one end can be heard 135 metres away at the other end; and, if you clap, you hear a resounding echo. A remarkable feature of the Ball Court is its acoustics. A person standing in one of its ends may whisper and be heard 170 meters afar. Or may drop a coin and the sound travels that distance. The court has no vault. It is open to the sky and has no continuity between the walls, the prescenium, and the throne of the bearded Man. If one stands in the center of the court, near one of its walls and claps the hands, he will hear at least nine times the echo of the clapping. Also, if one yells. This phenomena seems to be unique." ["Thru the Lense, Guide to the Ruins of Chichen Itza," by Jose Diaz Bolio, 1971]
"If it were a moonlight night and he wanted to give his guests a special treat, he ordered a phonograph concert in the Ball Court. Tarsisio and the servants set up the phonograph in the north temple, where the back wall slopes forward and forms a perfect sounding board. At the opposite end of the court, the servants supplied cushions and the guests sat on a raised dais among the half-ruined pillars of the south temple that extends 80 feet across the end of the Court. The acoustics were amazing, for the audience could hear perfectly the strains of Sibelius, Brahms, and Beethoven. The total effect was indescribable. The brilliant Yucatan sky formed a great overhead dome, the moon cast ghostly light on the stone walls and the north temple, and the calm air, rarely disturbed by a breeze, added a sense of mystery to the setting. After the performance the guests, awed by the uncanny effect, walked quietly back to the Casa Principal through the moonlight, still under the magic spell. One of the visitors in 1931 was Leopold Stokowski, who spent four days with Morley. He brought the latest recordings of his Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra and played them in the Ball Court, at the Castillo, and at the Temple of the Warriors. One staff member believed that if Stokowski "and Morley could have found a sponsor, their plan to conduct a symphony with instruments all over the place would have gone through. We'd have loved it too." Actually, Stokowski had a far more serious purpose, as he and Morley attempted to learn the acoustical secret of the Ball Court. At the time, the conductor was designing an open-air theater for concert work. He and Vay spent hours placing the phonograph in different positions in the Ball Court in order to determine the reflecting surfaces. Theoretically, the structure should have had poor acoustics, but as every visitor to Chichen knows, it possesses amazing properties of sound. After days of experiment, they failed to learn the secret, which remains one of the unsolved mysteries of ancient America." ["Sylvanus G. Morley" by Robert Brunhouse, 1971.]
"'Chi cheen Itsas' famous 'Ballcourt' or Temple of the Maize cult offers the visitor besides its mystery and impressivearchitecture, its marvellous acoustics. If a person standing under either ring claps his hands or yells, the sound produced will be repeated several times gradually losing its volume. A single revolver shot seems like machine-gun fire. The sound waves travel with equal force to East or West, day or night, disregarding the wind's direction. Anyone speaking in a normal voice from the 'Forum' can be clearly heard in the 'Sacred Tribune' 500 feet away or vice-versa. If a short sentence, for example, 'Do you hear me?' is pronounced, it will be repeated word by word. Parties from one extreme to the other can hold a conversation without raising their voices.
"This transmission of sound, as yet unexplained, has been discussed by architects and archaeologists. Most of them used to consider it as fanciful due to the ruined conditions of the structure but, on the contrary, we who have engaged in its reconstruction know well that the sound volume, instead of disappearing, has become stronger and clearer.... Undoubtedly we must consider this feat of acoustics as another noteworthy achievement of engineering realized millenniums ago by the Maya technicians." ["Chi Cheen Itza" by Manuel Cirerol Sansores, 1947]
There's a considerable history to Mayan architecture, and although the pyramid we ascended was a work added to periodically, with each generation of ruler, there is a strong sense of overall design. Remember that the Mayan calendar is much more accurate than the Roman, and that their mathematical skills are, as yet, not fully accounted for. Perhaps their sense of sound in general is worth study?
Crop Circle formation 2000
Yet, to evoke the Maya of Central America is at the same time to evoke a curious resonance from the East, from India. After all, Maya is a key Hindu philosophical term meaning "origin of the world" and "world of illusion." The word Maya in Sanskrit is further related to concepts meaning "great,""measure,""mind,""magic," and "mother." Not surprisingly, we find that Maya is the name of the mother of the Buddha. And in the Vedic classic, _The Mahabharata_, we read that Maya was the name of a noted astrologer-astronomer, magician, and architect, as well as the name of a great wandering tribe of navigators.
Not only in ancient India, home of high metaphysics and spiritual adventure, do we find the name Maya, but also farther to the west. The treasurer of the renowned boy-king of Egypt, Tutankhamen, was named Maya, while in Egyptian philosophy we find the term Mayet, meaning universal world order. In Greek mythology, the seven Pleiades, daughters of Atlas and Pleione and sisters of the Hyades, number among them one called Maia, also known as the brightest star of the constellation Pleiades. And finally, we know that our month of May is derived from the name of the Roman goddess, Maia, "the great one," the goddess of spring, daughter of Faunus and wife of Vulcan.
- Jose Arguelles - _The Mayan Factor_
Paleopuritanism and Neopuritanism
...As psychologist Theodore Schroeder pointed out, "obscenity" is the modern form of "black magic." Both concepts are operationally meaningless; there is no instrument which, pointed at a book or painting, will tell how much "black magic" or "obscenity" is in it. These things are in the nervous system of the observer. Attributing them to books, art, ideas, etc., in the external world, and seeking to punish the perpetrators, is the same kind of hallucination that produced the witch-hunts in which nine million innocents were killed.
Clarification of this issue explains what the
Buddhists mean by "maya." One could lead a group of both old Puritans and
new Puritans through a gallery featuring photographs of flowers without
any problem arising, even though flowers are the genitals of plants, as
everyone who passed Botany 101 knows. However, try to navigate that group
through an exhibit of photos of animal genitalia and almost anything could
happen, when the emotional imprints are activated. The external stimuli
(natural sexuality) are the same, but the imprints are different. Contemplation
of this parable should clarify what Buddha meant in saying that most people
see only their own "maya" and never experience objective fact at
all. Of course, if the exhibit featured human genitalia... a great deal
of angry speech about "smut" from the first group and "sexism" from the
second would be heard. All of this speech would confuse the internal glandular-emotional
emergency imprint with the objective external stimuli, and there would
be a desire to punish the photographer.
- Robert Anton Wilson - _The Illuminati Papers_
Without doubt the most famous and enigmatic ancient crystal is the skull, discovered in 1927 by F.A. Mitchell-Hedges atop a ruined temple at the ancient Mayan city of Lubaantum, in British Honduras, now Belize.
free jazz release _Mayan Temples_ CD by Sun Ra Arkestra on Black Saint (1992)