TelexExternal LinkInternal LinkInventory Cache
Escher, M(auritis) C(ornelius)
Escher (èsh´er, ès´KHer),
Dutch artist whose lithographs and woodcuts depict imaginary metamorphoses, geometric distortions, and architectural impossibilities.
"Isn't it fascinating to realize, that no image, no form, not even a shade of color, exists on its own. Instead everything visible depends on relationships and contrasts. Even black and white only manifest themselves together and by means of each other."
In his mesmerising
prints - usually in black and white - Escher used paired opposites in pursuit
of paradox and surprise.
"We live, in a beautiful and orderly world, and not in a formless chaos, as it sometimes seems - but we adore chaos because we love to produce order."
Many of his intricate, beautifully ordered designs contain two opposed but simultaneous true realities: with an unexpected shift in the mind's eye, fish become sky and birds become water; up becomes down, and an finite square of paper displays an endless repetition. The artist called it "a pleasure knowingly to mix up two- and three dimensionalities, flat and spatial, and to make fun of gravity."
I can rejoice over this perfection and bear witness to it with a clear conscience, for it was not I who invented it or even discovered it. The laws of mathematics are not merely human inventions or creations. Long before there were men on this globe, all the crystals grew within the earth's crust. Then came a day when, for the very first time, a human being perceived one of these glittering fragments of regularity; or maybe he struck against it with his stone ax; it broke away and fell at his feet; then he picked it up and gazed at it lying there in his open hand. And he marveled. There is something breathtaking about the basic laws of crystals. They are in no sense a discovery of the human mind; they simply are; they exist quite independently of us. The most that any man can do is to become aware, in a moment of clarity, that they are there, and take cognizance of them.
(M.C. Escher, 1898 - 1972)
...consider _Three Spheres II_, in which every part of the world seems to contain, and be contained in, every other part: the writing table reflects the spheres on top of it, the spheres reflect each other, as well as the writing table, the drawing of them, and the artist drawing it. The endless connections which all things have to each other is only hinted at here, yet the hint is enough. The Buddhist allegory of "Indra's Net" tells of an endless net of threads throughout the universe, the horizontal threads running hrough space, the vertical ones through time. At every crossing of threads is an individual, and every individual is a crystal bead. The great light of "Absolute Being" illuminates and penetrates every crystal bead; moreoever, every crystal bead reflects not only the light from every other crystal in the net - but also every reflection of every reflection throughout the universe.
- Douglas Hofstadter - _Godel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid_ (1980)
Why Did The Chicken Cross The Road?
M.C. Escher: Are you so sure he really crossed
it? Look again..