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Phreaks
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phreak1

phreak (frêk) noun
A person who breaks into, or cracks, internal linktelephone  internal linknetworks or other secured systems. In the 1970s, the telephone system used audible tones as switching signals, and phone phreaks used homebrew hardware to match the tones and steal long-distance service. homebrew. Compare cracker, internal linkhacker.

phreak2

phreak (frêk) verb
To break into or crack phone networks or computer systems.

the Network



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phreaker /freek'r/ n.

The New Hacker's Dictionary by Eric S. Raymond

One who engages in phreaking. See also internal linkblue box.

phreaking /freek'ing/ n.

[from `phone phreak'] 1. The art and science of cracking the phone network (so as, for example, to make free long-distance calls). 2. By extension, security-cracking in any other context (especially, but not exclusively, on communications networks) (cracking).

At one internal linktime phreaking was a semi-respectable activity among hackers; there was a gentleman's agreement that phreaking as an intellectual game and a form of exploration was OK, but serious theft of services was taboo. There was significant crossover between the hacker community and the hard-core phone phreaks who ran semi-underground networks of their own through such media as the legendary "TAP Newsletter". This ethos began to break down in the mid-1980s as wider dissemination of the techniques put them in the hands of less responsible phreaks. Around the same time, changes in the phone network made old-style technical ingenuity less effective as a way of hacking it, so phreaking came to depend more on overtly criminal acts such as stealing phone-card numbers. The crimes and punishments of gangs like the "414 group" turned that game very ugly. A few old-time hackers still phreak casually just to keep their hand in, but most these days have hardly even heard of "blue boxes" or any of the other paraphernalia of the great phreaks of yore.

- _The New Hacker's Dictionary_ atomjacked inventory cacheby Eric S. Raymond



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Chuck Dukowski of Black Flag in the early days of SST records ca. internal link1980: "Brendan Mullen did us a favor. He gave us a phone-card number; someone at U.S. Sprint had given it to him and said to have at it. He was in a good position at U.S. Sprint they were just starting out, no one was policing it. So we had at it. I called everybody, all the time! I was on the phone from 9 in the morning until 11 to 12 at night."

Cornholio Rollins, Spot, Greg Ginn, Chuck Dukowski phreaking



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internal link604 entity Phreaky
personnel: internal linkDino Psaras, Steve Ronan, M. Goren, A. Elgrana

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