This nOde last updated August 12th, 2003 and is permanently morphing...
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sage (sâj) noun
One venerated for experience, judgment, and wisdom.
1. Having or exhibiting wisdom and calm judgment.
2. Proceeding from or marked by wisdom and calm judgment: sage advice.
3. Archaic. Serious; solemn.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *sapius, from Latin sapere, to be wise.]
- sage´ly adverb
- sage´ness noun
sage (sâj) noun
1. a. Any of various plants of the genus Salvia, especially S. officinalis, having aromatic grayish-green, opposite leaves used as a cooking herb. Also called ramona. b. The leaves of this plant.
2. Any of various similar or related plants in the mint family.
[Middle English sauge, from Old French, from Latin salvia, from salvus, healthy.]
sage, aromatic herb or shrub (genus Salvia) of the MINT family. The common sage of herb gardens (S. officinalis), native from S Europe to Asia Minor, is a strongly scented shrubby perennial; its dried leaves are used as a seasoning and in a tea. Ornamental sages, popularly called salvia, include the scarlet sage (S. solendens), noted for its neat spikes of usually red flowers.
Sage (Salvia officinalis) Familiar as a culinary herb, sage comes from Spain and Asia Minor. In medieval times it was used as a nervous-system tonic to reduce tics or epilepsy. Because its essential oil has antioxidant properties, the herb was used to preserve food. In ancient Crete, the burning leaves were inhaled to relieve asthma. Only a few of the many sage species are distilled.
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Extraction: Distilled from leaves. The odor is spicy, sharp and very herby. An oleoresin is produced from the exhausted material.
Medicinal Action: Sage, a decongestant with strong antiseptic properties, treats throat and mouth infections. It also has hormonal action (estrogenic), regulating the menstrual cycle, decreasing lactation and alleviating menopause symptoms.
Cosmetic/Skin Use: Reduces perspiration, oily skin, and acne, and is said to encourage hair growth.
Emotional Attribute: Sage helps those suffering from nervous debility, excessive sexual desire, grief, physical overexertion and insomnia. It encourages "inward focus." Gerard said of sage, "It is singularly good for the head, brain . . . it quickeneth the senses, memory."
Considerations: Contains thujone, a neurotoxic ketone, so avoid this oil for anyone prone to seizures. Sage is harsh and irritating on the skin, so use low dilutions.
Spanish Sage (S. lavandulaefolia) -- Less toxic and irritating than common sage. The distinctive lavender fragrance is so strong it is often mistaken for lavender. Use for acne, eczema and dermatitis, or to help relieve arthritis, poor circulation and the flu.
SAGE (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment) was the Air Force's answer to the new problem of potential nuclear bomber attack. The computers weighed three hundred tons, took up twenty thousand feet of floor space, and were delivered in eighteen large vans apiece. Ultimately, the Air Force bought fifty-six of them.
With the exception of the small crew of the earlier
Whirlwind project, SAGE operators were the first computer users who were
able to see information
on visual display screens; moreover, operators were able to use devices
called "lightpens" to alter the graphic displays by touching the screens.
There was even a primitive decision-making capacity built into the system:
the computer could suggest alternate courses of action, based on its model
of the developing situation.
- Howard Rheingold - _Tools For Thought_