A principal philosophy and system of religion of China based on the teachings of Lao-tzu in the 6th century B.C.
[From Chinese (Mandarin)
- Tao´ist noun
- Taois´tic adjective
Taoism, Chinese philosophical and religious system, second only to Confucianism in its influence on Chinese thought. Its essential philosophical and mystical tenets can be found in the Tao-te Ching, attributed to philosopher Lao-tzu, and in the Chuang-tzu, attributed to philosopher Chuang-tzu. Both date from about the 3rd century BC.
Taoism maintains that the individual should seek only to conform with the underlying pattern of the universe, the Tao (way), which can neither be described in words nor conceived in thought. Through spontaneous compliance with the impulses of one's own essential nature and by emptying oneself of all doctrines and knowledge, one achieves unity with the Tao.
Taoism also developed as a cult in which followers sought immortality through magic and experimentation in alchemy. This eventually led to a general hygiene system, still practiced, that stresses regular breathing and concentration to prevent disease and promote longevity.
Under the influence of Buddhism, Taoist religious groups adopted institutional monasticism and a concern for spiritual afterlife rather than bodily immortality. Taoism was recognized as the official religion of China for several brief periods. In contemporary China, religious Taoism has tended to merge with popular Buddhism and other religions.
When a nation is filled with strife, then do patriots
Lao-Tzu (6th century B.C.), Legendary Chinese philosopher. Tao-te-ching, bk. 1, ch. 18 (tr. by T. C. Lau, 1963).
In the world there is nothing more submissive and
weak than water. Yet for attacking that which is hard and strong nothing
can surpass it.
Lao-Tzu (6th century B.C.), Legendary Chinese philosopher. Tao-te-ching bk. 2, ch. 78 (tr. by T. C. Lau, 1963).
As far as the laws of mathematics
refer to reality, they are not certain, and as far as they are certain,
they do not refer to reality.
Albert Einstein (1879-1955), German-born U.S. scientist. Quoted in: Fritjof Capra, _The Tao of Physics_, ch. 2 (1975).
To know yet to think that
one does not know is best;
Not to know yet to think that one knows will lead to difficulty.
Lao-Tzu (6th century B.C.), Legendary Chinese philosopher. Tao-te-ching, bk. 2, ch. 71 (tr. by T. C. Lau, 1963).
- Erik Davis - _Spiritual Chaos?_
"The East bases its thinking and its evaluation of facts on another principle. We have not even a word for that principle. The [right-brain] East naturally has a word for it, but we do not understand it. The Eastern word is Tao. My friend McDougall has a Chinese student, and he asked him: 'What do you mean by Tao?' Typically [left brain] Western! The Chinese explained what Tao is, and he replied: 'I do not understand yet'. The Chinese went out to the balcony and said: 'What do you see?' 'I see a street and houses and people walking and tram-cars passing'. 'What more?' 'There is a hill'. 'What more?' 'Trees'. 'What more?' 'The wind is blowing'. The Chinese threw up his arms and said: 'That is Tao'.
"There you are. Tao can be anything. I use another word to designate it, but it is poor enough. I call it synchronicity. The Eastern mind, when it looks at an ensemble of facts, accepts that ensemble as it is, but the Western mind divides it into entities, small quantities. The Chinese mind experiments with that being together and coming together at the right moment, and it has an experimental method that is not known in the [left brain] West, but which plays a large role in the philosophy of the [right brain] East. It is a method of forecasting possibilities, and it is still used by the Japanese Government about political situations; it was used, for instance, in the Great War. This method was formulated in 1143 B.C."
[Cf. The I
Ching or Book of Changes tr. Wilhelm/Baynes, 3rd edn., introduction,
(Analytical Psychology: The Theory & Practice: The Tavistock Lectures, 1935; Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968).
The individualist must fulfill his or her genetic predisposition to be a pioneer, and the only way one can do that today is by moving into space faster than anything else. I think the maverick Seed is included in the DNA scenario to serve that function in each epoch. I'm leaving Earth for the same reason my ancestors left Europe: freedom is found on the expanding, pioneering perimeter, never inside the centralized state. To quote another Zen _koan, "Where is the Tao?" "Move on!"
Anton Wilson - _The Illuminati
A proposal: the new theory of taoist dialectics. Think of the yin/yang disc, with a spot of black in the white lozenge, and vice versa -- separated not by a straight line but an S-curve. Amiri Baraka says that dialectics is just "separating out the good from the bad" but the taoist is "beyond good and evil" (xref Friedrich Nietzsche). The dialectic is supple, but the taoist dialectic is downright sinuous.
For example, making use of
the taoist dialectic, we can re-evaluate Gnosis once again. True, it presents
a negative view of the body and of becoming. But also true that it has
played the role of the eternal rebel against all orthodoxy, and
this makes it interesting. In its libertine and revolutionary manifestations the Gnosis possesses many secrets, some of which are actually worth knowing. The organizational forms of Gnosis -- the crackpot cult, the secret society -- seem pregnant with possibilities for the TAZ/Immediatist project. Of course, as I've pointed out elsewhere, not all Gnosis is Dualistic. There also exists a monist gnostic tradition, which sometimes borrows heavily from Dualism and is often confused with it. Monist gnosis is anti-eschatological, using religious language to describe this world, not Heaven or the Gnostic Pleroma. Shamanism, certain "crazy" forms of Taoism and Tantra and Zen, heterodox sufism and Ismailism, Christian antinomians such as the Ranters, etc. -- share a conviction of the holiness of the "inner spirit", and of the actually real, the "world". These are our "spiritual ancestors."
- Peter Lamborn Wilson - _Info Wars_
_Aimless Wandering: Chuang Tzu's Chaos Linguistics_ by Hakim Bey from Fringeware Review 10:12
In Taoist traditions the dragon is often deified. The dragon was the symbol of the Chinese Empire, and among Chinese the dragon is regarded as a symbol of good fortune.
Taos (tous, tä´os)
1. a. A Pueblo people located north-northeast of Santa Fe, New Mexico. b. A member of this people.
2. The Tanoan language of the Taos people.
Taos (tous, tä´os)
1. A town of northern New Mexico north-northeast of Santa Fe. It developed as an art colony after 1898 and has attracted many artists and writers, including John Marin and D.H. Lawrence. Population, 4,065.
2. A pueblo of northern New Mexico northeast of the town of Taos. Population, 1,030.
Dennis Hopper made _The Last
Movie_ in Taos, New Mexico