This same mathematical form occurs everywhere in the natural world, from electromagnetic fields to galaxies, from atoms to apples.
In mathematics, a HYPERSPHERE is a sphere having more than three dimensions. Since the early twentieth century, physicists have used this idea of a higher-dimensional sphere to describe a universe in which time is the fourth dimension.
Today, cosmologists say that the universe of relativity and quantum physics can best be understood when seen as a torus, or donut shape. A universe containing black holes, white holes and "wormholes" conforms best to this model. And a torus has the same formula (2pi2r3) as the HYPERSPHERE.
As a model of the universe, the HYPERSPHERE shows how things emerge in time and are enfolded back into fabric of the universe.
The HYPERSPHERE also shows
how all things in the universe are interconnected, even when they appear
to be separate from one another. If you isolate point a from
in this diagram with cut c, the two points can still be connected--without
crossing the cut--by going through the center:
The vortex, which is a section of the torus, occurs throughout the natural world - from tornados, whirlpools and electromagnetic fields to the formation of galaxies. And the torus shape is not limited to vortices. An apple, a tree, even a human being all share this same "toroidal" topology.