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This nOde last updated
May 7th, 2003 and is permanently morphing...
(11 K'an (Corn) / 12 Uo - 24/260 - 188.8.131.52.4)
Communications and Media, 1925
AT&T establishes Bell
Laboratories to consolidate research and development for the Bell
System's telephone companies.
The transistor (initially
known simply as a solid-state amplifier) demonstrated December 23
by Bell Laboratories physicists William Shockley, 38, John Bardeen,
40, and Walter H. Brattain, 46, will replace the glass vacuum tube
pioneered by Bell Labs physicist H. D. Arnold in 1912. The tiny but
rugged three-electrode transistor will permit miniaturization of
electronic devices such as computers, radios, and television sets and
lead to the development of guided missiles.
A solar battery
developed by Bell Laboratories makes it possible to convert sunlight
directly to electric power.
The mesa introduced by Bell
Telephone Laboratories is a new kind of transistor
Bell Laboratories announces
December 20 that it has perfected a one-megabit random access memory
chip able to store on a tiny sliver of silicon four times
as much information as anything now available.
"Daisy Bell (Bicycle Built for Two)" is a popular song, written in 1892
by British songwriter Harry Dacre, with the well-known chorus, "Daisy,
Daisy / Give me your answer, do. / I'm half crazy / all for the love of
you", ending with the words, "a bicycle built for two".
The song is said to have been inspired by Daisy Greville, Countess of
Warwick, one of the many mistresses of King Edward VII.
It is the earliest song sung using computer speech synthesis, in the film
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968).
- In 1961, an IBM 704 at Bell Labs was programmed to sing "Daisy Bell"
in the earliest demonstration of computer speech synthesis.
- In 1974, auditory researchers used the melody of "Daisy Bell" for the
first demonstration of "pure dichotic" (two-ear only) perception:
they encoded the melody in a stereophonic signal in such a way that it
could be perceived when listening with both ears but not with either ear
- Science fiction author Arthur
C. Clarke witnessed the IBM 704 demonstration and referred to it
in the 1968 novel and film _2001: A Space Odyssey_
(avi), in which the HAL 9000 computer sings
"Daisy Bell" during its gradual deactivation.
- glitch hop track _Decay In Daisy's_ MP3 by
The Realist off of _15 Years Of Muti_ compilation (2010)/(2017)
- It is this very same connection to which the song most likely owes its
appearance in the film, _The Theory of Everything_ (avi)(2014),
a drama about the life of the world renowned physicist Stephen Hawking,
whereupon the fictionalized Hawking types out part of the song's lyric,
in order to have the words subsequently "spoken", utilising his iconic
- Blur covered the song as a B-side on their single "Sunday Sunday"
- The tune was played as the lead-in to Aunt Daisy's radio broadcasts in
Zealand, which ran from 1930 until her death in 1963.
- In the This Is America, Charlie Brown episode The NASA
Space Station it is sung by Peppermint Patty while demonstrating an
exercise bike on the station.
- In the Doctor Who episode "Dinosaurs on a Spaceship"
(8 September 2012), Solomon's robots sing the first line of the song
when deactivated by the Doctor.
- In season four, episode 11 of Futurama, titled "Love and Rocket,"
Bender sings the song over a montage featuring a romance he had with the
Planet Express Ship. The episode is inspired by the film 2001: A Space
- In the finale of American Horror Story: Apocalypse, Ms. Mead's (Kathy
Bates') robotic head sings the song as it shuts down, after Cordelia
(Sarah Paulson) causes her body to explode.
- n season 2 episode 10 of ‘’Future Man’’, a holographic
conscious upload of Stu (Haley Joel Osment)
sings this song while (“The Pointed Circle”) are making an attempt to
shut him down.
- In the 2005 novel Anansi Boys by Neil Gaiman, one of the characters
is named Daisy because her parents own and ride a tandem bicycle.
The founder of Xerox, Chester F. Carlsonm went
to University of Riverside then Caltech in 1930 bachelor of science in
physics worked as a research engineer at Bell Labs in NYC for $35 a
- Claude Shannon worked
at Bell Labs
- 25,000 employees
- original Alexander
Graham Bell laboratory was located on 5 Exeter Place
- As of 1995 Bell Labs remains a scientific
hothouse, with a US$3 billion total budget - $2.7 billion for
development and $300 million for research. It is the richest and
largest private research lab in the world, still leading in fields as
diverse as photonics, fiber optics, HDTV, artificial
intelligence, cellular telephony, digital radio, and
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