cartoon (k?-t?n?) noun
1.A drawing depicting a humorous situation, often accompanied by a caption.
2.A drawing representing current public figures or issues symbolically and often satirically: a political cartoon.
3.A preliminary sketch similar in size to the work, such as a fresco, that is to be copied from it.
4.An animated cartoon.
5.A comic strip.
cartooned, cartooning, cartoons verb, transitive
To draw a humorous or satirical representation of; caricature.
To make humorous or satirical drawings.
[French carton, drawing, from
Italian cartone, pasteboard. See carton.]
- cartoon?ish adjective
- cartoon?ist noun
Cartoon, humorous, satirical, or opinionated drawing, typically one printed in a newspaper or magazine, with or without a short text. The term cartoon originally was used in the fine arts for a drawing made on paper in preparation for and in the same size as a painting, fresco, tapestry, mosaic, or piece of stained glass. The word's meaning changed in the 1840s, when the English magazine Punch parodied fresco designs for the new Houses of Parliament in London.
Types of Cartoons
Editorial cartoons, also referred to as political cartoons, serve as a visual commentary on current events. Usually satirical rather than merely humorous, they may communicate the political viewpoint of the cartoonist or add depth to an editorial opinion article in a newspaper or magazine. Gag cartoons- which consist of a single panel- usually make fun of types or classes of people rather than lampooning individuals. They are often found in magazines and on greeting cards. Illustrative cartoons are used in conjunction with advertising or learning materials. They illuminate important points, highlight special aspects of a new product, or give visual representations of processes to reinforce an advertisement or educational text.
A comic strip, or comic, is a sequence of cartoons that tells a story. Comics usually chronicle the lives of recurring characters, and sometimes humor arises from the reader's familiarity with a particular character. Dialogue is usually present in balloons, as encircled words issuing from a character's mouth, within the panels of the cartoon. Each comic strip may recount a self-contained episode, or it may contain part of a continuing story. Animation is the process of recording a series of incremental drawings and then playing it back to create the illusion of continuous motion. Animation toys, such as flipbooks, have been used for centuries. Film animation was introduced as a cartoon genre at the beginning of the 20th century, with the invention of motion pictures.
In 16th-century Germany, cartoons in the form of broadsheets or broadsides (single cartoons printed on large pieces of paper) began to be posted in public places with the intent of swaying people's beliefs. During the 18th century English painter and engraver William Hogarth launched the idea of pictorial storytelling- similar to that of a comic strip. In England during the late 1700s and early 1800s, thousands of broadsheet caricatures- essentially editorial cartoons- were produced, addressing the fashionable follies, political gossip, social scandals, and major issues of the day.
As periodicals commonly began including illustrations in the 19th century, the editorial cartoon became a staple of journalism, dealing with a great variety of issues. In the United States, Thomas Nast began using his cartoons to lobby for or against specific causes. His best-known works include those about the American Civil War (1861-1865), in which he campaigned against slavery and for the Union states. In the 1830s and 1840s Swiss artist Rodolphe T?ffer began drawing his so-called engraved novelettes, creating the predecessor to the modern comic strip. T?ffer's small albums of continuous strips, which featured characters in fantastic and nonsensical plots, were instant successes and were imitated in France and England.
While editorial cartoons continue to grow in popularity and to influence people's opinions on politics and society, the 20th century has been dominated by animated cartoons, the gag cartoon, and comic strips. French artist ?mile Cohl is credited with creating the first animated films. Many animated films used existing comic-strip characters in their story lines, but Walt Disney, William Hanna, Joseph Barbera, and other American animators created original characters- for example, Mickey Mouse and Bugs Bunny.
The gag cartoon was popularized by the New Yorker magazine (1925- ), which began publishing witty cartoons with one-line captions or cartoons with no caption at all. The first daily comic strip appeared in the United States in 1904, and daily strips soon became a regular feature of most major newspapers, eventually filling a whole page each day. In 1933 advertisers began to produce books containing reprints of comic strips to give away with certain merchandise. Comic books later acquired original stories. "Superman" (1938- ) is the most famous early title.
Beginning in the 1960s, poster cartoons began to
appear, usually as a means of communicating political protest. A massive
poster campaign against the Vietnam War (1959-1975) helped to mobilize
numerous activists in the United States. The radical culture of the
period spawned a genre known as underground comics (or underground
comix), which explored previously forbidden subjects- for example, psychedelic
drugs, sexual freedom, and radical politics. In the 1980s and 1990s many
mainstream comic strips began addressing controversial issues, and some
comics generated criticism for their treatment of political topics.
There is a relationship
between cartooning and people like Mir·and Picasso which may not be
understood by the cartoonist, but it definitely is related even in the
Roy Lichtenstein (b. 1923), U.S. pop artist. "Talking with Roy Lichtenstein" (published in John Coplan, Lichtenstein, 1972). Quoted in: Lawrence Alloway, Lichtenstein, ch. 3 (1983).
Breathed, Berkeley (1957- ), American cartoonist, creator of the comic strips "Bloom County" and "Outland," which combine silly humor with social commentary. He won the Pulitzer Prize for cartooning in 1987. Breathed was born in Encino, California, and studied journalism at the University of Texas at Austin. "Bloom County" features a penguin named Opus and a variety of human characters. In 1989 Breathed replaced "Bloom County" with "Outland."
copy: malicious copy, distorted image, caricature,
cartoon, travesty, take-off, spoof, lampoon, mockery, parody, ridicule
film: cartoon, animated cartoon, travelogue, documentary, docudrama, feature film, cin?a v?it·/FONT>
broadcast: cartoon, claymation, film, cinema
representation: design, blueprint, draft, rough draft, cartoon, sketch, outline, plan
picture: sketch, outline, cartoon
picture: cartoon, caricature, silhouette
wit: cartoon, comic strip, caricature
satire: parody, burlesque, travesty, caricature, cartoon, misrepresentation
Larson, Gary (1950- ), American syndicated cartoonist, known for his offbeat humor. Born in Tacoma, Washington, Larson was an avid reader of comics as a child. After graduating from Washington State University in 1972, he played jazz guitar and banjo in local nightclubs and then worked in a music store for several years before concentrating on drawing. In 1979 he showed his work to the San Francisco Chronicle newspaper. This soon led to a syndication contract for a regular cartoon feature called "The Far Side." Internationally popular, Larson's cartoons have been published in more than 17languages. Although he retired in 1995, his previously published cartoons continued to be syndicated.
Groening, Matt (1954- ), American cartoonist, creator of the comic strip "Life in Hell" and the cartoon family the Simpsons. Born in Portland, Oregon, Groening moved to Los Angeles in 1977, where he recorded his reactions to the city and to life in the comic strip "Life in Hell." In 1981 the comic went into syndication, after which several collections of his cartoon strips were published. In 1987 Groening created the Simpsons, a cartoon family featuring an outspoken son, Bart, to appear as part of a comedy show. The separate television show entitled "The Simpsons" premiered in 1990.
Communications and Media, 1931
"Felix the Cat" by Otto Mesmer makes his first appearance as a comic strip drawn by Pat Sullivan. The cat has appeared in animated cartoons since 1919.
Communications and Media, 1918
"Believe It or Not!" is published for the first time by New York Globe sports cartoonist Robert LeRoy Ripley, 24, who sketches figures of men who have set records for such unlikely events as running backward and broad jumping on ice. Encouraged by reader response to pursue his quest for oddities, Ripley will move to the New York Post in 1923, syndication of his cartoons will begin soon after, and "Believe It or Not!" will eventually be carried by 326 newspapers in 38 countries.
Cartoons and Drawing
In the final analysis, a
drawing simply is no longer a drawing, no matter how self-sufficient
its execution may be. It is a symbol, and the more profoundly
the imaginary lines of projection meet
higher dimensions, the better.
Paul Klee (1879-1940), Swiss artist. The Diaries of Paul Klee 1898-1918, no. 681 (1957; tr. 1965), entry July 1905.
Food and Drink, 1906
The "hot dog" gets its name from a cartoon by Chicago cartoonist Thomas Aloysius "Tad" Dorgan, 29, who shows a dachshund inside a frankfurter bun.
The Japanese, who used to be just about the fiercest people on earth, have become infatuated with cuddly adorable cartoon characters.
- Neal Stephenson - _In The Beginning Was The Command Line_
scene in the film _Beavis & Butthead Do America_
- what's with the psychedelic/animation connection? toon town at Disneyland on mushrooms is completely UNREAL. the entire theme park was made for mushrooms. all the kiddie rides make sense when you are an adult. and what's up with scooby doo and scooby snacks? and the always hungry tweaker shaggy and the psychedelic van where only THEY can see ghosts and goblins? why does everything from Edgecore and Psy-Harmonics sounds like a soundtrack for a cartoon? - @Om* 12/3/99
references from release _Paul's Boutique_ (1989) by Beastie Boys
film _The Matrix_ (vhs/ntsc) (1999) When Neo is calling to get extracted from the Matrix, he says, "Mr. Wizard get me out of here," a reference to the 1960's cartoon _Tooter Turtle_. Each episode, Tooter would yearn to be something he wasn't and have his friend Mr. Wizard (a lizard) wave his magic wand and make him an astronaut or a scientist or whatever. Inevitably, Tooter would quickly get himself into trouble and call out "Help Mr.Wizard," and the lizard would intone "Drizzle, drazzle, druzzle, drome, time for this one to come home." Tooter would be transported back to his old self and be chided by Mr. Wizard to "be happy with what you are."
Thinking more of what they
can't explore, like
the cartoon Donald Duck is giving fellatio on the floor
- track _Dr. Octagon_ by Dr. Octagon off of _Dr. Octagynecologyst_ CDb