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Costume is the distinctive style of dress of an individual or group that
reflects their class, gender, profession, ethnicity, nationality, activity
The term also was traditionally used to describe typical appropriate
clothing for certain activities, such as riding costume, swimming costume,
dance costume, and evening costume. Appropriate and acceptable costume is
subject to changes in fashion and local cultural norms.
"But sable is worn more in carriages, lined with real lace over ivory satin,
and worn over some smart costume suitable for an afternoon reception." A
Woman's Letter from London (23 November 1899).
This general usage has gradually been replaced by the terms "dress",
"attire", "robes" or "wear" and usage of "costume" has become more limited
to unusual or out-of-date clothing and to attire intended to evoke a change in identity, such as
theatrical, Halloween, and mascot costumes.
Before the advent of ready-to-wear apparel, clothing was made by hand. When
made for commercial sale it was made, as late as the beginning of the 20th
century, by "costumiers", often women who ran businesses that met the demand
for complicated or intimate female costume, including millinery and
Cosplay, a portmanteau of the words costume play, is a performance art in
which participants called cosplayers wear costumes and fashion accessories
to represent a specific character. Cosplayers often interact to create a
subculture, and a broader use of the term "cosplay" applies to any costumed
role-playing in venues apart from the stage. Any entity that lends itself to
dramatic interpretation may be taken up as a subject and it is not unusual
to see genders switched. Favorite sources include anime, cartoons, comic books, manga, live-action films,
television series, and video games.
The rapid growth in the number of people cosplaying as a hobby since 1990s
has made the phenomenon a significant aspect of popular culture in Japan and some other parts of Asia and in the Western
world. Cosplay events are common features of fan conventions and there are
also dedicated conventions and local and international competitions, as well
as social networks, websites and other forms of media centered on cosplay
The term "cosplay" was coined in Japan in 1984. It was inspired by and grew
out of the practice of fan costuming at science
fiction conventions, beginning with Morojo's "futuristicostumes"
created for the 1st World Science Fiction Convention in New York City in
|workding DSLR camera costume
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