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Franz Mesmer

Franz Mesmer

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Mesmer, Franz

Mesmer (mèz´mer, mès´-), Franz or  Friedrich Anton
Austrian physician who sought to treat disease through animal magnetism, an early therapeutic application of hypnotism.


mesmerism (mèz´me-rîz´em, mès´-) noun
1.A strong or spellbinding appeal; fascination.
2.Hypnotic induction believed to involve animal magnetism.

[After Franz Mesmer.]
- mesmer´ic (-mèr´îk) adjective
- mesmer´ically adverb
- mes´merist noun

Word History: When the members of an audience sit mesmerized by a speaker, their reactions do not take the form of internal linkdancing, internal linksleeping, or falling into convulsions. But if Franz Anton Mesmer were addressing the audience, such behavior could be expected. Mesmer, a visionary 18th-century physician, believed cures could be effected by having patients do things such as sit with their feet in a fountain of magnetized internal linkwater while holding cables attached to magnetized trees. Mesmer then came to believe that magnetic powers resided in himself, and during highly fashionable curative sessions in Paris he caused his patients to have reactions ranging from sleeping or dancing to convulsions. These reactions were actually brought about by hypnotic powers that Mesmer was unaware he possessed. One of his pupils, named Puységur, then used the term mesmerism (first recorded in English in 1802) for Mesmer's practices. The related word mesmerize (first recorded in English in 1829), having shed its reference to the hypnotic doctor, lives on in the sense "to enthrall."

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The father of the psycho-internal linkelectromagnetic unconscious is Franz Mesmer, who is known alternately as the kookiest charlatan of all time or the man who in many ways kick-started psychoanalysis. He was born in 1732 earned his doctorate degree here in Vienna, where he wrote his dissertation on the astrological influence of the planets. In order to explain this influence---and again these people were already working under the influence of Enlightenment materialism---he posits this internal linkether-like substance that he calls the "fluidium". This is that substance that allows the internal linkmoon to tug the tides and allows planets to influence human beings.   The scientific side of the question, which goes back to internal linkNewton, is how can we account for action at a distance on a cosmic  scale. Nowadays, we don't need a substance like the ether to explain these phenomena, but for rationalist scientists at this internal linktime,  they couldn't internal linkimagine how such internal linkforces would propagate through a vacuum. So they posited the existence of the ether, an invisible, etheric medium of communication. Mesmer simply attached astrological influence to this fluid.


Mesmer wavered about what he was  going to call the aspect of ourselves which responds to this etheric field, and he settled on the term "animal magnetism," a term  he took from the works of a hermetic Jesuit a century earlier. Mesmer wrote:

"All bodies are a magnet, capable of communicating this magnetic principle. This fluid permeates everything and can be stored up and concentrated like the electric fluid and it acts at a distance."

While Mesmer never identified animal magnetism with the mineral magnetism which we've know about for millennia, we can see the way that he used the internal linkreality of magnetism as a way to get across a lot of occult ideas. Not that he wasn't adverse to messing around with magnets in his healing practice, an idea he took from a priest with the unlikely name of Father Maximillian Hell, who used steel magnets to heal people. This again is not a new practice. You could go back to internal linkSumer and discover magnetic healing charms which are inscribed with the symbol of Marduke. Marduke, among other things, is "he who causes action at a distance". Again, it is that question of how do we influence things across empty space. For Mesmer and Hell, the influence in question was about healing, and so they used magnets in their healing practices. The idea was that body was a magnetic form and that by using magnets, you could re-align the living field of the body.
Wilhelm Reich

Soon Mesmer discovered that he didn't really need magnets, and this is where he really starts looking like a charlatan kook. He realized that he could magnetize people simply by passing his hands over them. It sounds kind of goofy, except that whatever he was doing, he catalyzed extraordinary effects. I don't know if you have this word in German, but in English we frequently use the word "mesmerize" to describe something that hypnotically seduces us. For example, "When I am watching the screen, I am mesmerized by the movie." Mesmer was not putting people into a hypnotic internal linktrance, but he was creating a convulsive climax, a la internal linkWilhelm Reich, that he thought would lead to healing. He attempted to realize this crisis in order to re-align the body. If any of you follow alternative medicine and the models it works on, his basic conceptual model is not much different from the one that lies behind, say, acupuncture in Chinese medicine. In acupuncture, the body is described as a field of energies. When they get off balance, you get ill. The trick of the healing is not to kill the bug, but to re-produce a resilient moving balance in the fields of the body.

In any case, Mesmer pioneered a style of "wild" healing we can recognize in some of today's alternative healers, an exuberant  attempt to bring back the animist body surpressed by mechanism. For these reasons, he very quickly he became identified as a  quack, a charlatan, and was hounded out of Vienna by the medical establishment. He then goes to pre-Revolution Paris, where he is the talk of the town and things get even crazier. He starts wearing lilac internal linkmagicians' robes and such. In Paris,he was very popular, and once again he was hounded down by the medical establishment. Here is where we take the story into the question of the unconscious. His therapies had internal linkreal effects. They produced real changes in people and the medical establishment could not deny the evidence of healing. So the Paris commission which lambasted him was given the problem, "How do I explain what is going on? Obviously, he is producing effects that actually heal people. But we can't fit his paradigm into ours, so how do we explain it?"

Along with telepathy,19th century mesmerists discovered a variety of internal linkaltered states. Some start getting cosmic internal linkwaves of energy,  or states that resembled the kinds of plateaus that hardcore meditators or serious mystics describe. But the mesmerists were  operating under the aegis of rationalism, doing psychoanalysis before the name. In a sense, their work became less about healing the body, and more about exploring the strangeinternal linkdimensions of mind. Mesmerism thus introduced a hands-on craft of  introspection, a pragmatic tactics of generating altered states of consciousness that could be reframed in a internal linklanguage divorced from mysticism. The mesmerists wanted to say, "No. This is something scientific."

- Erik Davis -  _Spiritual Telegraphs and the Technology of Communication_ lecture

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Kox Box - Dragon Tales Quantum Leap - Redsun on Elektrolux (2000)
Experimental Audio Research - Mesmerised 5 MEO DMT

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