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Machu Picchu (mä´ch¡
An ancient Inca fortress city in the Andes northwest of Cuzco, Peru. Its extensive ruins, including elaborate terraces, were discovered in 1911.
Machu Picchu, pre-Columbian Inca stronghold in the Andes, northwest of Cuzco, Peru. The ruined city, high above the Urubamba River, comprises terraces built around a central plaza, linked by numerous stairways. Buildings include one-room stone houses, arranged around internal courts, and some larger structures, evidently used for religious purposes. American explorer Hiram Bingham discovered Machu Picchu in 1911. The city's history remains uncertain.
Bingham, Hiram (1875-1956), American educator, explorer, and legislator, known for his expeditions to South America. Bingham was born in Honolulu, Hawaii. He taught history at Harvard, Princeton, and Yale universities. In 1906 and 1907 Bingham explored the route taken across Venezuela and Colombia in the early 1800s by Venezuelan general Simón Bolívar. In 1911 Bingham discovered the ruins of the ancient Incan city of Machu Picchu. From 1925 to 1933 he served as a United States senator for Connecticut. In 1948 the road to Machu Picchu was named the Hiram Bingham Highway.
U.S. explorer Hiram Bingham, 35, discovers the Inca city of Machu Picchu at an altitude of 8,200 feet in the Peruvian Andes. Jungle growth covers the long-deserted city that escaped notice by the Spanish conquistadors. Bingham's missionary grandfather developed a written language out of Hawaiian; his missionary father did the same for the language of the Gilbert Islands.
Duchamp said, "Some men like Seurat or like Mondrian were not retinalists, even in wholly seeming to be so." In 1912, Duchamp was painting a chess King and Queen surrounded by swift nudes. Later that year, Duchamp visited Munich, where he was inspired to move from chess pieces to the bride and bachelors of _The Large Glass_, a complex work a part of which contains 3 windows similar to the 3 windows of Machu Picchu.