last updated April 8th, 2008 and is permanently morphing...
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recreated, recreating, recreates verb, transitive
To impart fresh life to; refresh mentally or physically.
To take recreation.
[Middle English recreaten,
from Latin recreâre, recreât- : re-, re- + creâre, to
create. See create.]
- rec´rea´tive adjective
1. Of or relating to recreation: recreational swimming.
2. Of or relating to the occasional use, asserted not to be addictive, of narcotics: "You can't accept recreational drug use and expect to control the drug problem" (Lacy Thornburg).
- rec´rea´tionally adverb
Europe is so well gardened
that it resembles a work of art, a scientific theory, a neat metaphysical
system. Man has recreated Europe in his own image.
Aldous Huxley (1894-1963), British author. Do What You Will, "Wordsworth in the Tropics" (1929).
The idea that leisure is
of value in itself is only conditionally true.
. . . The average man simply spends his leisure as a dog spends it. His
recreations are all puerile, and the time
supposed to benefit him really only stupefies him.
H. L. Mencken (1880-1956), U.S. journalist. Minority Report: H. L. Mencken's Notebooks, no. 87 (1956).
The effort of art is to keep
what is interesting in existence, to recreate it in the eternal.
George Santayana (1863-1952), U.S. philosopher, poet. The Life of Reason, "Reason in Art," ch. 8 (1905-6; rev. ed., 1953).
I still need more healthy
rest in order to work at my best. My health is the main capital I have
and I want to administer it intelligently.
Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), U.S. author. Letter, 21 Feb. 1952 (published in Selected Letters, ed. by Carlos Baker, 1981).
The effect of having other
interests beyond those domestic works well. The more one does and sees
and feels, the more one is able to do, and the more genuine may be one's
appreciation of fundamental things like home, and love, and understanding
Amelia Earhart (1897-1937), U.S. aviator, author. Quoted in: Mary S. Lovell, The Sound of Wings, ch. 11 (1989).
Have you known how to take rest?
You have done more than he who hath taken empires
Michel de Montaigne (1533-92), French essayist. Essays, bk. 3, ch. 13, "Of Experience" (tr. by John Florio, 1588).
Worker vs. Hacker
The theme of work and the workplace are the dominant discourse in the computer mainstream. From the retail outlet sales pitch, to the ads on TV for software, using a computer is equated with the idea of the 'office in the home' rather than the plaything for the hobbyist. In its original use, the phrase "to hack" meant to open up and investigate, to be curious, to experiment, to play and to discover. This broad definition of hacking is the most useful in understanding what differentiates computers as media from computers as work implements. Hackers play with the technology of computers as and end in itself. As a creative form of experimentation, hacking opens up technology to innovation and revision. For many hackers 'work' if done on a computer means play.
This spirit of experimentation and play is at the very core of the culture-jammer aesthetic. The collage/essay style of film making for example, takes delight in the actual process of film assembly itself, and makes this explicit within the film's structure. A growing creative youth movement is emerging which identifies with open systems of all kinds. The rise of the Linux computer operating system is a good example. Unlike Microsoft Windows or Macintosh Operating System Linux is free and available to anyone. "Shareware" culture of this type reflects a broader sense in the community that ideas, like software and a good joke are there to be shared, circulated and made available.
The D.I.Y. or "do it yourself" movement had its correlates in the punk scene of the seventies and prior to that in the 'homegrown' media production culture of the anti-Vietnam war counter-culture. Here "low-tech" and "hands-on" techniques for music and self publishing became very popular and widespread. When I studied Media Studies at college in the early 1980s, many values of the counterculture were still in circulation: principles of 'take a camera and shoot' and 'go out and publish your own magazine'. As the eighties unfolded, gradually cuts to the liberal arts by the then treasurer John Howard hulled the media education sector of its former liberalism. Outside centers of learning, arts funding has recently favoured youth led festivals and events, of which the Newcastle Electrofringe/Young Writers Festival is exemplary.
Culture-jamming for many is an entire way of living. Its advocates generally reject the notion of the citizen as merely consumer, and the idea of society as merely marketplace. The culture-jammer and media activist approach to life questions the underlying social relations which govern the place of media (and by extension, capital) in our culture. Culture-jammer methods are strategies for self-empowerment. They embrace self-publishing in all its forms. Self made magazines (or "fanzines"' or just 'zines), techno music done by teenagers in bedrooms, personal web site production, graffiti, hacking, billboard alteration and other forms of popular media resistance to the mainstream can reside under the broad banner of media activism.
- David Cox on Culture Jamming
Recreation is the employment of time in a non-profitable way, in many ways also a refreshment of one's body or mind. Recreation is often distinguished from leisure. Where leisure is, or ought to be, restful, recreation is refreshing and diverting. As we lead more and more sedentary life styles, the need for recreation has grown. The rise of so called active vacations exemplify this.
The weekend is typically a time for recreation as well as Holidays.
Traditionally music and dance serve as recreation in many cultures, as do sports, hobbies, games and tourism. Watching TV and listening to music are common forms of recreation, or rather leisure.
Many activities may be functional and/or recreational:
* eating and drinking
* sexual behavior
* using internet and telephone and talking with people face-to-face
* reading a book
In recent years, more 'exciting' forms of recreation include:
skiing, snowboarding, bungee jumping, sky diving, hang gliding, paint balling,
rock climbing, Backpacking, canyoning, caving, BASE jumping.
Some people enjoy forms of recreation that are considered 'immoral' by others who don't mind their own business, for example drug use, gambling, nudism and some forms of sex. Also some people believe that there are restrictions in time for certain forms of recreation.